This part of research is based on a critical analysis of adolescent suicide as a scientific phenomenon which constitutes a factor of dying and the end of life problem in the United States. The Black’s Law Dictionary defines the term suicide as the act of taking one’s own life. Hereby, this implies that adolescent suicide is the act of self-killing conducted by an adolescent.
In the United States, adolescent suicide is a genuinely critical problem that constantly proliferates. Thus, evidence collected in April 2013 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) clearly illustrates that suicide rates in the United States have been on the rise over the past decade among middle-aged adults. This is very bad news because it indicates the unfavorable dynamics of adolescent suicide in the United States.
The problem of adolescent suicide in the United States is also complicated because the majority of researchers in this field as well as those who are responsible for prevention work largely focus on the very young or the elderly rather than those individuals who are adolescent.
However, the key findings of the National Vital Statistical System (NVSS) unveil that the annual suicide rate increased 28.4%, from 13.7 suicides per 100.000 people in 1999 to 17.6 in 2010. Moreover, it has been established that there are three underlying adolescent suicide ‘mechanisms’, namely a) firearms; b) suffocation; and c) poisoning (especially drug overdose).
The results of the study show that over the 10-year period (2000-2010), the biggest increase was detected in suffocation (a 81.3 %, increase). Hereby, this means that an increasing number of Americans give preference to suffocation as a means of committing suicide.
Although the previous researchers of the National Vital Statistics Systems concede that suicide is on the rise in the United States, they do not explain the reasons why the suicide rate grows.
Main Causes and Conditions of Adolescent Suicide in the United States
It is impossible to explain the dynamics in the rates of adolescent suicide in the United States without examining the causes and conditions underlying the reasons behind suicide by American adults. Analyzing a large number of academic publications, it is possible to arrive at the conclusion that every author tries to focus on their special reason for adolescent suicide.
There is a positive correlation between mean altitude and the suicide rate. Thus, those adolescents who reside in low-altitude counties are less prone to suicide than those who live in the high-altitude counties.
Other authors are prone to think that not only geographical conditions but also social environment may contribute to the increase in suicide among adolescent Americans. Thus, The social environment surrounding gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth influences higher rates of suicide attempts.
It has been established that gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth commit or attempt suicide at substantially higher rates than heterosexual adolescents and it help to learn how to write fantasy stories that you can read here https://essaysleader.com/how-to-write-fantasy-novel/.
Another research shows that adolescent suicide in the United States is often caused by bullying or cyberbullying. A series of empirical studies reveal that there is a strong link between experiences with bullying victimization/offending and suicidal ideation.
Moreover, there is also evidence that a non-traditional form of peer aggression-cyberbullying also has relation to suicidal ideas among adolescents. The findings show that bullying and computer-related bullying make adverse impacts on the adolescents. Cyberbullying at schools was found to trigger negative consequences by spurring suicidal behavior.
While it is unlikely that cyberbullying itself provokes suicidal behavior, there is no doubt that it may exacerbate hopelessness and instability in adolescents already affected by mental health problems or stressful life circumstances.
Apart from bullying and cyberbullying, some researchers consider asthma to be one of the major reasons of suicide mortality in young people. According to the scholars, mortality risk is relatively high in young people with asthma. The main finding of the study is that the risk of suicide with regard to young people (aged between 11 and 16 years of age) with asthma is twice as big as in those without this problem.
The relationship between asthma and adolescent suicide may be viewed in the light of psychological, physical, and social factors. For instance, asthma symptoms may give rise to greater damage to routine functions and an apprehended sense of physical burden. On the other hand, these factors may correlate with possible psychiatric issues to increase the probability of suicide.
According to the scholars, personal debt is one of many factors connected with depression, anxiety and suicide. As far as adolescents are concerned, academics analyze the relationship between suicidal ideas and personal debt in the light of sociodemographic factors, lifestyle behavior, and recently experienced traumatic events.
As a result of such study, the scholars come to the conclusion that financial problems constitute a substantial risk factor not only for adults but also for adolescents. These problems may exacerbate mental health problems. Furthermore, it should be expected that personal debt may give birth to suicidal thoughts and fatal suicidal acts.
Apart from financial problems, adolescent suicide in the United States may also be triggered by alcohol and drugs. Thus, alcohol use disorder and alcohol consumption play significant role in inciting adolescents to suicide attempts. Having analyzed 1921 suicide attempts, the scholars arrived at the conclusion that those adolescents who consume alcohol are more prone to engage in impulsive suicidal behavior.
Similarly, those adolescents who use or abuse drugs and medicine are frequently prone to commit suicide. The relationship between alcohol and drugs is very close because of the effects made by the two types of substances on the mental life of adolescents. Therefore, the use of drugs and consumption of alcohol by adolescents in the United States may become causes of suicidal thoughts and fatal suicidal acts.
After giving due consideration to all aspects, it is possible to state that there are a large number of causes and conditions of adolescent suicide in the American society. The likelihood of adolescent suicide also depends on personal and interpersonal factors.
Thus, the overall purpose of research was achieved. Moreover, the conducted study provided a comprehensive, valid and reliable answer to the question of research as the main causes and conditions of adolescent suicide in the United States were explored. Furthermore, the conducted research made it possible to fulfill all objectives of research.
Generalizing the main points of research, it needs to be reiterated that there is a wide range of causes and conditions that provoke adolescent individuals in the United States to commit suicide. The conducted study revealed that the majority of causes are rooted in the individual’s mental life, whereas the conditions that make adolescents kill themselves are usually generated by the surrounding social environment.
To put it briefly, the surrounding social environment in which deviant adolescents such as gay, lesbian and bisexual youth function is more dangerous in terms of suicidal ideas as compared to the social environment where heterosexual youth live. Moreover, the conducted study brought into light the widespread causes of suicidal death among American adolescents, namely a) narcotics; b) alcohol; c) asthma; d) bullying and cyberbullying; e) mental health problems; and f) financial problems (personal debt).
However, it is imprudent to consider the above-mentioned problems to be the direct causes of adolescent suicide. The conducted research revealed that suicidal ideas are dependent on mental process, and, thus, only mental weakness or instability can be considered a truly direct cause of adolescent suicide. On the other hand, the social and physical problems such as bullying, alcohol, drugs, personal debt, and asthma may aggravate and exacerbate an adolescent’s mental weakness or instability by triggering suicidal thoughts.
In conclusion, it needs to be added that adolescent suicide is a very complex problem, and, therefore, each single case of adolescent suicide must be examined separately from other cases in order to diminish the risk of bias.
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